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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何佳蓉(2010),高速鐵路站區開發之研究-以臺灣高鐵臺南站為例,淡江大學國際企業學系碩士在職專班碩士論文;台北。
  2. 林楨家、馮正民、黃麟淇(2005),台灣高速鐵路系統對方發展之影響預測,運輸計劃季刊, 34:3,391-412。
  3. 章定煊、劉小蘭、尚瑞國(2002),我國各縣市財政支出與經營績效之研究,臺灣土地研究,14:1, 45-66。
  4. 謝秀娟(2008),台灣高速鐵路建設及其社會經濟效益研究, 淡江大學國際企業學系碩士在職專班碩士論文;台北。
  5. 蘇秀如(2010),台灣高鐵站區發展之探討─以高鐵台中站為例,淡江大學國際企業學系碩士在職專班碩士論文;台北。
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