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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Babe, E. R. (1995). Communication and the transformation of economics :essays in information, public policy, and political economy. Oxford: Westview Press.
    2. Becker, S. L. (1984). Maxist Approaches to Media Studies: The British Experience. Critical Studies in Mass Communication, 4(1), 66-80.
    3. McQuail, D. (1992). Media Performance: Mass Communication and the Public Interest. London: Newbury Park, Calif.:Sage.
    4. Sinclair, M. T. (1998). Tourism and economic development: a survey. Journal of Development Studies, 34(5), 1-51.
    5. Teo, P. (2000). Racism in the news: A critical discourse analysis of news reporting in two Australian newspapers. Discourse and Society 11(1), 7-49.
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 呂伊萱(2016)。臺灣報媒建構下的陸客形象。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2016。1-91。 
    2. 謝頌遇(2015)。我國媒體有關《海峽兩岸服務貿易協議》新聞報導之內容分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-187。 
    3. 許益銘(2012)。2005年國會改革報導分析-以聯合報與自由時報為例。中正大學政治學系學位論文。2012。1-110。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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