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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 王泰升,1999,台灣日治時期的法律改革,台北:聯經出版社。
  2. 5. 王泰升,2006年,台灣法律史的建立。
  3. 21. 林紀東,71年2月,中華民國憲法逐條釋義(一),三民書局修訂初版。
  4. 56. 楊松齡,1998,土地徵收制度與財產權保障之研究,國科會專題研究計畫成果報告。
  5. 10. 莊英章、陳運棟,1986,「晚清台灣北部漢人拓墾型態的演變─以北埔姜家的墾闢事業為例」,收於瞿海源、張英華(編)『台灣社會與文化變遷』,中央研究院民族學研究所:頁1-43。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴國誠(2013)。苗栗三叉河金華生三十二股之發展與經營。交通大學客家文化學院客家社會與文化學程學位論文。2013。1-175。 
  2. 高曜堂(2014)。臺灣祭祀公業制度變革之研究。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2014。1-154。 
  3. 鄭榮發(2012)。利害關係人理論應用於台灣地籍清理之案例研究。長榮大學土地管理與開發學系(所)學位論文。2012。1-44。 
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