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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 576 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1989 〈台灣的政治轉型與反對運動〉,《台灣社會研究季刊》,第二卷第一期,頁71-116。
  2. 1989 〈威權侍從政體下的台灣反對運動:民進黨社會基礎的社會解釋〉,《台灣社會研究季刊》,第二卷第一期,頁117-43。
  3. 2000 〈台灣民主化與政黨體系的變遷:菁英與群眾的選舉連結〉,《台灣政治學刊》,第四期,頁3-56。
  4. 1998 〈搜尋台灣民眾統獨態度的動力:一個個體動態模型的建立〉,《台灣政治學刊》,第三期,頁65-11
  5. 2004 〈多席次選舉中政黨的分合:以台灣區域立委選舉為例〉,《選舉研究》,第十一卷第一期,頁127-170。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃仁俊(2011)。德國政黨內部民主制度與司法審查界限之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2011。1-169。 
  2. 許育誌(2011)。應用集群分析於台灣政治版圖之研究─以十一屆至十三屆總統選舉為例。政治大學統計研究所學位論文。2011。1-73。
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