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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 90 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王泰銓(2000)。《歐洲共同體法總論》。臺北:三民書局。
    2. 王玉葉(2000)。〈歐洲聯盟之輔助原則〉,《歐美研究》,30(2):3-30。
    3. 古允文(1997)。〈超級福利國家? 「毆州聯盟」社會政策的發展〉,《社會政策與社會工作學刊》,1(1):133-155。
    4. 曾敏傑、徐毅君(2005)。〈勞動市場結構與失業現象的關聯〉。《台灣社會福利學刊第四卷第二期》。
    5. Hantrais, L. (2000), Social Policy in the European Union. New York: Macmillan and St Martin’s Press.
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 何惠莉(2017)。行政院公營事業民營化基金之研究。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2017。1-167。 
    2. 郭俊廷(2013)。我國中央政府非營業特種基金之研究─以特別收入基金為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-122。 
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