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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 138 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 經濟部國際貿易局,《台歐盟經貿關係》,台北:經濟部國際貿易局,2006年,
    2. 毛樹仁、鄭伊真,〈歐盟東擴對我國貿易與投資的影響〉,《歐洲國際評論》,第1期,嘉義:南華大學社會科學院歐洲研究所,2005年,頁31-64。
    3. 王如哲,〈歐洲高等教育品質保證的發展與展望〉,《評鑑》,第16期,台北:財團法人高等教育評鑑中心基金會,2008年11月,頁17-21。
    4. 王肇偉,〈台灣汽車零配件業在捷克之投資〉,《歐洲國際評論》,第5期,嘉義:南華大學社會科學院歐洲研究所,2009年,頁177-215。
    5. 江啟臣,〈台灣拓展對外關係新思維〉,《台灣經濟研究月刊》,第31卷第4期,台北:財團法人台灣經濟研究院,2008年4月,頁17-23。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳建馨(2017)。馬政府時期中國大陸政策探討(2008-2016)。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2017。1-147。
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