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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 172 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2. 內政部委託研究報告,臺閩地區殯葬消費行為調查研究,民國95年11月。
    2. 5. 王志誠,信託監督機制之基本構造—以信託財產評審委員會與信託監察人為中心,臺大法學論叢第32卷第5期,2003年9月,頁233-270。
    3. 6. 王志誠,論受益人不特定或尚未存在之信託,法令月刊第58卷11期,2007年11月,頁4-16。
    4. 8. 李禮仲、張大為,日本信託法修正對我國信託法修正之啟示,臺北大學法學論叢第72期,2009年12月,頁123-158。
    5. 10. 林育生,預付型商品之規範─以日本法為借鏡,科技法律透析第18卷1期,2006年1月,頁16-22。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張美眉(2015)。自用型生前殯葬服務契約之研究。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-227。 
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