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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王振鵠(2007)。百年來的台灣圖書館事業,台灣圖書館事業紀要。2010年11月8日取自。
  2. 吳清基 (2010)。推動臺灣的閱讀教育—全民來閱讀。研考雙月刊,34(1),62-63。
  3. 呂瑞蓮、林紀慧(2008)。國民小學圖書資訊教師之能指標及現況之研究。師大學報:教育類,53(2),83-110。
  4. 李昆翰主編(2003)。啟動教學資源中心。台北市:國家圖書館。
  5. 林起帆(2010)。台北市國小教師對於教學資源中心功能期望之研究。國立台灣大學圖書資訊學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃雅鈴(2011)。宜蘭縣國小教師對公共圖書館使用需求及滿意情形之研究。政治大學圖書資訊學數位碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-161。
  2. 宋永哲(2015)。新北市國民小學圖書館(室)改造後學生使用滿意度之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-124。
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