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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 208 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 38. 蕭富山,《專利訴訟實務》,經濟部智慧財產局出版,2007年2月二版第1刷。
    2. 5. 王偉霖,〈論智慧財產案件審理法規定的秘密保持命令〉,《法令月刊》第58卷第7期,2007年7月。
    3. 9. 呂光,〈日本秘密保持命令實務運作─定暫時狀態處分程序中得核發秘密保持命令〉,《理律法律雜誌雙月刊》,2009年9月。
    4. 13. 沈冠伶,〈智慧財產民事訴訟之技術審查官與聽審請求權保障──最高法院九十八年台上字第二三七三號民事判決〉《月旦裁判時報》第3期,2010年6月。
    5. 14. 朱家毅、黃紫旻、吳雅貞、陳志承,〈兩岸智慧財產法院及審判實務〉,《政大智慧財產評論》第6卷第1期,2008年4月。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林曉涵(2013)。美國專利訴訟之保護命令與相關裁定之研究。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2013。1-147。 
    2. 黃康軒(2015)。論營業秘密侵害訴訟之事證開示。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-199。 
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