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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林文清,《地方自治與自治立法權》,揚智文化事業股份有限公司,2004年2月。
    2. 法治斌、董保城,《憲法新論》,元照出版有限公司,2010年9月4版。
    3. 紀俊臣,《地方自治團體的法律地位》,臺灣省實施地方自治三十週年學術論文集,臺灣省民政廳第二科,1980年9月。
    4. 蘇永欽,《地方自治落實人民主權的第一步》,財團法人新臺灣人文教基金會,2002年11月。
    5. 王偉龍,性、人權與工作成人性交易規範法制之比較探討(Sex,Human Rights,and Work Comparative Discussion on the Adult Sex Trade Regulations),國立臺灣大學社會科學院國家發展研究所碩士論文,2008年6月。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 楊宗灝(2016)。電子遊戲場業管理法制面與實施面之探究。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2016。1-156。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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