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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 包正豪,2009,〈政黨認同者等於政黨鐵票?2000-2008總統選舉中選民投票抉擇之跨時性分析〉,《淡江人文社會學刊》,40: 67-89。
    2. 吳俊德、陳永福,2005,〈投票與不投票的抉譯-2004年總統大選與公民投票的探索性研究〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,2(4): 67-98。
    3. 吳重禮、崔曉倩,2010,〈族群、賦權與選舉評價-2004年與2008年總統選舉省籍差異的實證分析〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,7(4): 137-182。
    4. 吳重禮、鄭文智、崔曉倩,2001,〈交叉網絡與政治參與:2001年縣市長與立法委員選舉的實證研究〉,《人文及社會科學集刊》,18(4): 599-638。
    5. 林聰吉,2007,〈社會網絡、政治討論與投票參與〉,《選舉研究》,14(2): 1-24。
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