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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王憲章(2010)。高雄學園大學城圖書館聯盟建置之研究。國立臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  2. 朱碧靜(2002)。從使用者特性、使用者參與及科技接受度探討圖書館自動化系統之採用。圖書資訊學刊,17,95-121。
  3. 吳紹群(2005)。數位時代的圖書館自動化系統:系統移轉程序新探。國家圖書館館刊,94:2,101-126。
  4. 呂瑞蓮(2006)。協助國小圖書館自動化建置服務經驗談。臺北市立圖書館館訊,24:1,78-96。
  5. 李德竹(1987)。我國學術研究圖書館員對圖書館作業自動化認識與態度。臺灣大學圖書館學刊,5,13-36。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉靜頻(2012)。國中小學校圖書館系統整合資訊資源之研究。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-107。 
  2. 楊千霆(2014)。臺灣公共圖書館自動化科技建置與讀者服務之研究。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2014。1-123。 
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