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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王肇蘭、許義忠及徐偉初,2008,「台灣地區地方政府暨生產力之評估」,應用經濟論叢,84:71-120。
  2. 李永展、陳安琪,2001,「台中都會區永續性之衡量─生態足跡分析法之應用」,『國立台灣大學建築與城鄉研究學報』1-17。
  3. 林世強,2007,「以二氧化碳排放量探討島嶼之永續發展策略」,『地理學報』,47:39-57。
  4. 徐森雄、唐琦、陳品如、黃雅琳,2007,「台中市之都市化對於氣溫變化之影響」,『作物、環境與生物資訊』,4:307-313
  5. 章定煊、劉小蘭、尚瑞國,「我國各縣市財政支出與經營績效之研究」,『台灣土地研究』,5:45-66。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃崙洲(2011)。產業聚集、技術網絡與組織創新-以2001~2009之IC上市公司為例~。政治大學社會學研究所學位論文。2011。1-82。
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