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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. 李健源,「企業流程內在績效評估指標建立之研究--以系統科學理論為探討」,中原國文化大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,2004年7月。
  2. 8. 何屏東,「政府主計部門策略績效指標建構之研究」,臺灣大學高階公共管理組碩士論文,2005年。
  3. 17. 宣介慈,「平衡計分卡應用於公部門訓練績效評估之研究─以我國警察機關為例」,國立臺北大學公共行政暨政策研究所碩士論文,2002年。
  4. 21. 陳秀瑜,「數位化印前企業經營績效評估指標設計之研究」,國立台北師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文,2001年。
  5. 22. 陳佳鳳,「銀行業策略性績效指標之研究」,國立台灣大學會計學研究所碩士論文,1999年。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳明宜(2009)。台電公司訓練所導入平衡計分卡之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2009。1-131。
  2. 楊秀汝(2012)。植基於平衡計分卡的獎金制度建構之研究-以台灣自來水股份有限公司為例。臺中科技大學企業管理系事業經營碩士班學位論文。2012。1-63。
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