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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2004年11月,頁19-21。
    2. 19.鄭如孜、林嬋娟,2002,政府財務表達之研究-美國聯邦政府與州及地方
    3. 22.彭麗春,2003,採購制度之建立,公設財團法人之發展與運作機制研討
    4. 24.Anthony, Rober N. and David W. Young. 1988. Management
    5. Control in Nonprofit Organizations. Illinois: Irwin, 4th.
    Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
    1. 葉文勇(2013)。組織使命對非營利組織決策之影響—以工研院推動智權價值創造之思維與作法為例。清華大學高階主管經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-44。 
    2. 詹淑雅(2013)。非營利研發機構之整合行銷傳播研究 -以工研院獲得國際獎項科技之行銷模式為例。清華大學經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-94。 
    3. 郭愛蓮(2011)。台灣建立非營利組織會計法之研究。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2011。1-53。 
    4. 許宏廷(2017)。社會企業比較法研究─兼論社會企業立法模式。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-144。 
    5. 王琪(2012)。政府捐助之財團法人的公共課責研究-以內政部捐助的財團法人為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2012。1-264。
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