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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 姜樹翰,1996,「都市聚集經濟之研究:以台灣製造業為例」,國立政治大學經濟研究所碩士論文:台北。
    2. 張吉成,2001,「科技產業知識創新模式建構之研究」,國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所博士論文:台北。
    3. 經濟部智慧財產局,2003,93年年報。
    4. 楊政龍、金家禾,2002,「知識設施空間分佈對台灣製造業生產與創新成效之影響」,『台灣土地研究』,4:101-124。
    5. 瞿宛文、安士敦著、朱道凱譯、瞿宛文校訂,2003,『超越後進發展:台灣的產業升級策略』,台北市:聯經出版社。
    Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王琇瑩(2013)。從永續設計觀點探討太陽能產品創新研究─以得獎產品為例。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2013。1-205。 
    2. 王雅萱(2015)。探討國光汽車客運公司如何資源重整以改善營運績效。臺灣大學臺大_復旦EMBA境外專班學位論文。2015。1-57。 
    3. 吳昊芸(2014)。以資料包絡法探討國光汽車客運公司之營運改進。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2014。1-50。 
    4. 龔欣平(2007)。地方創新環境與創新成效之研究。政治大學地政研究所學位論文。2007。1-114。
    5. 洪珮雯(2012)。地方土地使用規劃在流域治理的角色與執行:以基隆河流域為例。臺北大學不動產與城鄉環境學系學位論文。2012。1-116。
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