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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 4、何建志,懲罰性賠償金之法理與應用-論最適賠償金額之判定,台灣大學法學論叢第31卷第3期,2002年5月。
    2. 7、林德瑞,論懲罰性賠償,國立中正大學法學集刊第一期,1998年7月。
    3. 11、郭麗珍,論產品責任中之產品安全問題-民法債篇通則修正草案第191條之1及消費者保護法暨施行細則相關規定之研究(民法研究會第四次研討會記錄),法學叢刊,第161期,1996年1月。
    4. 13、陳聰富,美國懲罰性賠償金之發展趨勢:改革運動與實證研究的對峙,台大法學論叢,第27卷第1期,1997年10月。
    5. 17、詹森林,千禧年資訊年序爭議處理法概述,台灣本土法學雜誌第7期,2000年2月。
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃慧琳(2007)。企業對產品責任保險需求因素之分析-以我國上市公司為例。政治大學風險管理與保險研究所學位論文。2007。1-87。
    2. 吳雪蘋(2007)。環境損害賠償責任及其解決對策之研究。政治大學法律科際整合研究所學位論文。2007。1-196。
    3. 鄭聖光(2008)。環境污染責任保險之探討。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-135。
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