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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 272 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳?基(1995)°邁向二十一世紀的?育政策與改革°臺北:中國國民黨中央委員會政策?究工作會編°
  2. 熊秉?(1995)°幼幼:傳統中國的襁褓之道°臺北:聯經出版事業公司°
  3. 李在昌(1982)°韓國幼兒?育現況分析°首爾:韓國?育開發院°
  4. ?育部編(1998)°?育50年史°首爾:韓國?育開發院°
  5. 韓國?育開發院編(1989-1991)°韓國?育年鑑°首爾:韓國?育開發院°
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳宏賓(2001)。解嚴以來(1987∼)台灣母語教育政策制定過程之研究。臺灣師範大學三民主義研究所學位論文。2001。1-153。
  2. 夏良業(2009)。魏道明與臺灣省政改革(1947-1948)。臺灣師範大學臺灣史研究所學位論文。2009。1-158。
  3. 楊喬伍(2013)。戰後台灣省國語推行委員會之研究(1946~1959)。臺灣師範大學歷史學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-202。
  4. 林莠卿(2014)。戰後初期收音機廣播與國語推行(1945-1950)—以《台灣之聲》內容分析為中心。國立臺北教育大學台灣文化研究所學位論文。2014。1-139。
  5. 林佩芸(2015)。台灣婚育離職婦女再就業行為之實證研究:兼論台日韓就業促進政策。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2015。1-323。
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