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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方世榮,(民87),統計學導論,(三版),台北,華泰文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 李建慧,(民92),工作生活品質與組織承諾、組織公民行為關聯性之研究-以國產實業建設股份有限公司為例,私立中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  3. 林淑姬,(民81),薪酬公平、程序公平與組織承諾、組織公民行為關係之研究。國立政治大學企業管理研究所博士論文。
  4. 林鉦棽,(民85),「組織公正、信任、組織公民行為之研究 : 社會交換理論之觀點」,管理科學學報,第十三卷,第三期, 第 391-415 頁。
  5. :How to Create Uncontested Market Space and Make the Competition Irrelevant by W.Chan Kim and Ren’ee Mauborne),天下文化書坊,頁256-257。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 彭桂芳(2009)。臺北市國民中學教師組織公平知覺、組織承諾與組織公民行為關係之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-185。 
  2. 張愷倫(2012)。組織承諾、知識分享對組織創新之影響–以組織文化為調節變項。大同大學事業經營學系所學位論文。2012。1-135。
  3. 吳宜珍(2012)。臺北市政府公務人員心理資本與組織承諾之相關研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-168。
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