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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 220 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Alavi, M., and Leidner, D. E.(2001) “Research Commentary: Technology-mediated Learning - A Call for Greater Depth and Breadth of Research.” Information Systems Research, 12(1), 1-10.
    2. CHEA(2002). The Fundamentals of Accreditation: What do you need to know. Washington, DC.
    3. Clark R. E.(1985)”Confounding in Educational Computing Research.” Journal of Educational Computing Research, 1, 137-148.
    4. Clark,R.C. and Mayer, R.E. (2003). E-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass/Pfeiffer.
    5. Dede, C.(1996) Emerging technology in distance education for business, Journal of Education for Business, 71(4), 197-204
    Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
    1. 趙淑晶(2015)。機構支持因素對數位教材品質影響之分析研究: 以教育部數位教材認證為例。樹德科技大學資訊工程系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-87。 
    2. 陳盈榕(2015)。不同領域數位課程在數位學習認證表現之研究 -以一般課程為例。樹德科技大學資訊工程系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-108。 
    3. 陳鈺燕(2015)。大學數位學習碩士專班課程與一般課程在數位學習認證之表現差異分析研究。樹德科技大學資訊工程系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-70。 
    4. 王亘宇(2011)。「數位學習碩士在職專班」經營與成功因素研究。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2011。1-103。 
    5. 蔣佳諭(2009)。從學習者觀點探討數位學習認證規範實施成效之研究。臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2009。1-214。
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