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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 14. 張泰煌,1998a,「從美國法論財產權準徵收之救濟」,『國立臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究學報』,9:81-92。
  2. 18. 陳文政,1999,美國司法違憲審查理論與制度之研究,國立臺灣師範大學三民主義研究所博士論文:台北。
  3. 33. Bromley, D.W.(1991), “Environment and Economy: Property Rights and Public Policy.”, Oxford: Blackwell.
  4. 34. Calabresi, G. and Melamed, A. D.(1972), "Property Rules, Liability Rules, and Inalienability: One View of The Cathedral", Harvard Law Review, Vol.85, p.1089-1128.
  5. 35. Coase, R.(1960), "The Problem of Social Cost", Journal of Law and Economics, Vol.3, p.1-44.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃國峰(2010)。當前耕地三七五減租爭議之政經分析。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2010。1-114。 
  2. 戴孟婷(2015)。兩岸不動產開發之法制研究。中正大學財經法律學系學位論文。2015。1-98。
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