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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Adams, M. J. (1990). Beginning to read: Thinking and learning about print. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  2. Abbott, S. P., Reed. E., Abbott, R.D., & Berninger, V.W. (1997). Year-long balanced reading/writing tutorial: A design experiment used for dynamic assessment. Learning Disability Quarterly, 20, 249-263.
  3. Armbruster, B. B., Lehr, F., & Osborn, J. (2001). Put reading first: The research building blocks for teaching children to read. Center for the Improvement of Early Reading Achievement.
  4. Ball, E. W., & Blachman, B. A. (1991). Does phoneme awareness training in kindergarten make a difference in early word recognition and developmental spelling? Reading Research Quarterly, 26, 49-66.
  5. Bock, R. (1998). Why children succeed or fail at reading. Research from NICHD’s program in learning disabilities. National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. MD: Bethesda.
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾瓊盈(2013)。幼兒園實施英語兒歌活動之研究。國立臺北教育大學幼兒與家庭教育學系學位論文。2013。1-237。 
  2. 郭琪連(2010)。英語歌曲教學對國小高年級英語低成就學生字彙能力與英語學習態度之影響。國立臺北教育大學兒童英語教育學系英語教育碩士班學位論文。2010。1-218。 
  3. 卓鈺珮(2009)。以英語童謠及戲劇活動進行國小英語補救教學之行動研究。國立臺北教育大學兒童英語教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-238。 
  4. 謝明達(2008)。台北縣國小高年級英語教師使用英語流行歌曲教學之現況調查。國立臺北教育大學兒童英語教育學系學位論文。2008。1-125。 
  5. 李韻如(2009)。以讀者劇場對國小學童實施英語補救教學之效能研究。國立臺北教育大學兒童英語教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-132。
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