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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李仁豪(2005)。以結構方程模式探討並驗證成就目標與學習行為的關係。教育與心理研究,28(3),551-580。
  2. 周祝瑛(2006)。教改總體檢已是時候。臺灣教育,637,2-9。
  3. 周麗玉(2006)。臺灣中小學教育改革問題。臺灣教育,639,2-9。
  4. 曹博盛(2005)。TIMSS 2003臺灣國中二年級學生的數學成就及其相關因素之探討。科學教育,283,2-34。
  5. 程炳林、林清山(2002)。學習歷程前決策與後決策階段中行動控制的中介角色。教育心理學報,34(1),43-30。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉淑華(2010)。社經地位與科學態度對教育素養之影響--以PISA 2006臺灣樣本為例。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-81。 
  2. 李雯雅(2009)。台灣國二學生數學學習成就之相關因素研究:以TIMSS 2007問卷為例。臺灣大學數學研究所學位論文。2009。1-150。 
  3. 林慧雯(2012)。探討國中學生長期數學成就與數學學習經驗之關聯─以新北市某國中為例。臺北大學統計學系學位論文。2012。1-147。
  4. 蘇芳瑩(2012)。不同高低成就水準與閱讀投入對臺灣青少年數學素養之交互作用影響研究。國立臺北教育大學教育學系學位論文。2012。1-148。
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