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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 142 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王信賢,「當代西方中國研究之新制度典範分析」,中國大陸研究,第43卷第8期(2000年1月),頁23-46。
  2. 方孝謙,「解釋鄉鎮企業變遷的制度與關係理論:社會學的利基何在?」,台灣社會學,29期(2003年1月),頁181-212。
  3. 吳介民,「中國鄉村快速工業化的制度動力:地方產權體制與非正式私有化」,台灣政治學刊,第三期(1998年12月),頁3-63。
  4. 耿曙、陳陸輝,「與市場共欣榮:華北小鎮地方網絡的創造性轉化」,問題與研究,第40卷,第3期 (2001年5-6月號),頁83-108。
  5. 耿曙,「理論如何與個案對話?評陳志柔的中國研究近著」,台灣社會學,第10期(2005年12月號),頁171-176。
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