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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文英與張清福,2004,智慧資本影響績效模式之探討:我國半導體業之實證研究,會計評論,第39期(7月):89-117。
  2. 台灣智慧資本研究中心與財團法人資訊工業策進會資訊情報中心,2006,智慧資本管理,台北:華泰文化事業股份有限公司。
  3. 朱博湧、熊杏華、林裕淩與劉子衙,2005,非營利研發機構之智慧資本與績效評估-工研院之實證研究,管理學報,第二十二卷,第3期:277-293。
  4. 余秋琄,2005,中山科學研究院智慧財產權管理研究,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 彭瑋彥,2002,企業建立專利管理制度之研究,中原大學企管研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃冠華(2010)。專利權重大性與委任產業專長、科目專家會計師。政治大學會計研究所學位論文。2010。1-90。
  2. 彭國樑(2015)。專利審核、專利委外與專利獎勵機制對公司專利產出影響之研究-以Android手機製造廠商為例。中正大學會計資訊與法律數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-80。
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