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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.方世杰、林麗娟、邱志芳,(2003),「參與研發聯盟廠商之知識創造與技術移轉績效—社會資本與經濟性互動之觀點」,『管理評論』,22(3);123-148。
  2. 6.吳潁飛,(1994),「網絡基本觀念之探討」,『台灣經濟研究月刊』,17(10):19~20。
  3. 8.徐進鈺、鄭陸霖,(2001),「全球在地化的地理學:跨界組織場域的統理」,『都市與計畫』,28(4):391~411。
  4. 14.黃昱虹,(2006),「產業知識傳遞與空間外溢之研究—以台灣地區生物科技產業為例」,政治大學地政學系碩士班論文:台北。
  5. 17.張火燦、劉淑寧,(2002),「從社會網路理論探討員工知識分享」,『人力資源管理學報』,2(3):101-113。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪茂傑(2007)。鶯歌陶瓷產業網絡型態及研發之研究。政治大學地政研究所學位論文。2007。1-120。
  2. 林哲宇(2010)。廠商內外部因素對創新績效影響之研究。政治大學地政研究所學位論文。2010。1-90。
  3. 楊豫晉(2011)。以專利分析探討美國製藥業公司之經營績效。臺北大學企業管理學系學位論文。2011。1-47。
  4. 蔡昇達(2014)。全球動物藥廠併購整合策略: 以B公司為例探討區域併購後行銷策略。清華大學經營管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-42。
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