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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳梅蘭、曾哲仁(1994)。國小學童數學態度及其相關因素之研究。台南師院學生學刊,15,19-38。
  2. 吳明隆、葛建志(2006)。國民小學學生數學歸因信念、數學態度、數學焦慮與數學成就之相關研究。高雄師大學報,21,1-18。
  3. 蔡文標(2003)。影響國小數學低成就學生數學成就的相關因素及直接教學效果之研究。特殊教育學報,17,229-230。
  4. Adams, N. A., & Holcomb, W. R. (1986). Analysis of the relationship between anxiety about mathematics and performance. Psychological Reports, 59, 943-948.
  5. Alkhateeb, H. M., & Taha, N. (2002). Mathematics self-concept and mathematics anxiety of undergraduate majors in education. Psychological Reports, 91(3), 1273-1275.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張惠妹(2011)。多元族群學習不利學童數學學習特性探討。屏東科技大學幼兒保育系所學位論文。2011。1-174。 
  2. 葉淑華(2010)。社經地位與科學態度對教育素養之影響--以PISA 2006臺灣樣本為例。國立臺北教育大學教育政策與管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-81。 
  3. 高誌忠(2009)。焦慮情境下認知負荷型態對國小六年級學童數學解題活動之影響。國立臺北教育大學數學教育研究所學位論文。2009。1-122。 
  4. 李雯雅(2009)。台灣國二學生數學學習成就之相關因素研究:以TIMSS 2007問卷為例。臺灣大學數學研究所學位論文。2009。1-150。 
  5. 陳逸群(2011)。高中生數學學習成就之研究—以桃園縣某高中為例。中央大學數學系學位論文。2011。1-69。
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