Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李怡娟、陳俞琪、王慧群,2006,<賦權/充能式的社區發展過程—以台北市某社區為例>。《護理雜誌》53(2): 23-29。
    2. 周雪光,2003,《組織社會學十講》。北京:社會科學文獻出版社。
    3. 周美慧,2007,《從生態系統觀點探討新台灣之子的生活適應 -以台中縣國小學童為例》。台中:靜宜大學青少年兒童福利研究所碩士論文。
    4. 財團法人台北市北投文化基金會,2006,專案計畫。
    5. 修杰麟,2005, <我國村里制度定位及演變>。《中國地方自治》58(3):25-35。
    Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳慧香(2010)。美國都市貧民區改造研究─以紐約市南布朗區為例。淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2010。1-83。 
    2. 楊玉鈴(2013)。社會資本與社區發展關係探究─以台南市長榮社區為例。成功大學(不用)政治經濟研究所學位論文。2013。1-101。 
    3. 蔡辰苹(2013)。以社會資本探討屏東縣泰武鄉平和社區發展協會之發展。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-83。 
    4. 王威迪(2009)。社區發展協會推動社區參與之研究-以台北市新鄰江社區發展協會為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2009。1-286。 
    5. 呂椿偉(2008)。臺北縣市政府執行「建立社區照顧關懷據點實施計畫」治理模式之研究。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2008。1-156。 
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