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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 194 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 姜添輝(2000b)。論教師專業意識、社會控制與保守文化。教育與社會研究,創刊號,1-24。
  2. 陳加再(2002)。教育政策合法化過程之研究─以教育基本法之制定為例。國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  3. 張弘勳(2003)。我國教育組織集體協商之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文,未出版,臺北。
  4. 教育部(2004)。立法院審議教師法部分條文專案報告。臺北:教育部。
  5. 教育部(2007)。有關立法院衛生環境及社會福利委員會審查通過「工會法修正草案」教育部書面意見。2007年5月16日教育部新聞稿。臺北:教育部。
Times Cited (17) 〈TOP〉
  1. 顏益昭(2009)。以階層線性模式分析國民中學教師兼任行政工作對工作滿意度的影響因素之研究。中興大學應用數學系所學位論文。2009。1-78。 
  2. 林明貴(2009)。臺北市立完全中學教師工作滿意度與學校效能關係之研究。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-124。 
  3. 蘇船利(2011)。臺東縣教師階級意識之研究。臺東大學教育學系學位論文。2011。1-124。 
  4. 蘇雅鈴(2015)。教保服務人員參與職業組織的動機與方式之研究。屏東科技大學幼兒保育系所學位論文。2015。1-197。 
  5. 鮑明彥(2015)。教保服務人員組織概況及功能之研究。屏東科技大學幼兒保育系所學位論文。2015。1-211。 
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