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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部,2001,「臺灣省圖解地籍圖數值化作業工作手冊」。
  2. 台灣省政府地政處測量總隊,1989,「自由測站法在地籍測量作業上之應用」。
  3. 吳宗寶,2003,「圖解數化土地複丈外業電腦套圖之研究」,國立中興大學土木工程學系測量資訊組碩士論文:台中。
  4. 邱仲銘,1986,「改進地籍測量複丈作業之研究」,論文發表於<第五屆測量學術及應用研討會>,國立成功大學及國科會工程科學研究中心:台南,民國75年2月21日至22日。
  5. 許松、鄭彩堂,1998,「地籍測量改進方向之探討」,論文發表於<第二屆兩岸測繪學術研討會暨第十七屆測量學術及應用研討會>,國立成功大學:台南,民國87年9月。
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