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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 162 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 于宗先、王金利(2003),『一隻看得見的手-政府在經濟發展過程中的角色』,台北:聯經。
    2. 石育賢編著(2004),『2004 汽、機、自行車產業年鑑』,工業技術研究院產業經濟與資訊服務中心,台北:經濟部技術處。
    3. 石育賢編著(2005),『2005 汽、機、自行車產業年鑑』,工業技術研究院產業經濟與資訊服務中心,台北:經濟部技術處。
    4. 沈明展、林淑雯、邊泰明(2005),「台灣地區工業園區公共服務價值評估之研究」,『台灣土地研究』,8(2):49-71。
    5. 沈明展、蔡佩純、邊泰明(2006a),「創新系統下的產業網絡行為-以數位遊戲產業為例」,『科技管理學刊』,11(3):119-148。
    Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
    1. 黃靜晞(2016)。自己的商展自己辦 - 台中自行車週籌辦的探討。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2016。1-107。 
    2. 陳文樵(2013)。全球化下韓國文化創意產業之發展—以數位遊戲產業為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2013。1-247。 
    3. 柳文惠(2013)。戰後台灣自行車產業發展的政治經濟分析,1950-2013。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-130。 
    4. 洪茂傑(2007)。鶯歌陶瓷產業網絡型態及研發之研究。政治大學地政研究所學位論文。2007。1-120。
    5. 陳昶名(2010)。台灣中小企業發展品牌與代工策略關係之研究-以自行車零組件廠商K公司為例。亞洲大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-88。
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