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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳建明, 林尚平, 湯大緯, & 李純誼. 2008. 資訊系統「後採納階段」使用慣例之個案研究. 台大管理論叢, 19(1): 213-240.
  2. 林尚平, 吳建明, & 陳怜秀. 2006. 資訊系統使用階段變革歷程之研究-以動態觀點,檢視“使用慣例”與介入措施交互調適的影響效應. 管理學報(23卷5期): 22.
  3. 林芬慧, 曾智義, & 郭峰淵. 2006. 資訊科技啟動組織變革的歷程模式研究. 資訊管理學報, 13(1): 26.
  4. 劉思慧. 2005. 企業設計鏈之型態研究. 成功大學. 碩士論文
  5. Attewell, P. 1992. Technology diffusion and organizational learning: the case of business computing. Organization Science, 3(1): 1-19.
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