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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王玉民(1999)。社會科學研究方法原理。臺北市:洪葉。
  2. 李田樹等(譯)(2003)。Joan Magretta著。管理是什麼(What Management Is),臺北市:天下遠見。
  3. 胡龍騰、黃瑋瑩、潘中道合(譯)(2004), Ranjit Kumar著,研究方法-步驟化指南(Research Methodology-A Step-By-Step Guide For Beginners),臺北市:學富。
  4. 丘昌泰(2002)。邁向績效導向的地方政府管理。研考雙月刊,26(3)。
  5. 吳安妮(2001a)。策略為焦點的組織─平衡計分卡式的公司如何在新企業環境中取勝(一)。會計研究月刊,184,120-127。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔣淑萍(2010)。以平衡計分卡的觀點探討經濟部科技專案。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2010。1-152。
  2. 鍾依儒(2011)。平衡計分卡應用於公有停車場委外經營績效評估指標建立之研究。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-115。
  3. 楊秀汝(2012)。植基於平衡計分卡的獎金制度建構之研究-以台灣自來水股份有限公司為例。臺中科技大學企業管理系事業經營碩士班學位論文。2012。1-63。
  4. 許純芳(2015)。中型電子業研發人員績效評估-以平衡計分卡觀點。中正大學會計資訊與法律數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-89。
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