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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李貞怡、李秀珠(2006)。〈台灣媒體競爭市場之報紙內容多樣性研究〉,《新聞學研究》,88:135-172。
  2. 馮建三(2004)。〈渴望「正常資本主義國家」的八天:分析五家日報2004年總統大選後的新聞〉。《台灣社會研究季刊》,54:277-290。
  3. 潘家慶、卜正?(1990)。〈解嚴前後報紙政治新聞報導的轉變〉,《新聞學研究》,43:85-116。
  4. 劉昌德(2007)。〈媒體倫理的政治經濟學:國家、資本與新聞專業規範的流變〉,《中華傳播學刊》,11:111-154。
  5. 羅世宏、魏玓、馮建三、唐士哲、林麗雲、王菲菲、王賀白譯(2005)。《問題媒體:二十一世紀美國傳播政治》。台北:巨流。(原書McChesney, R. (2004). The problem of the media: U.S. communication politics in 21st century. New York: Monthly Review Press.)
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張詠晴(2008)。電視監視器新聞的真實再現與釋義。政治大學新聞研究所學位論文。2008。1-139。
  2. 林宗偉(2011)。被創制的仇恨-媒體運動報導中的反韓框架分析。政治大學廣播電視學研究所學位論文。2011。1-125。
  3. 謝明儒(2013)。由「台灣社會變遷基本調查」趨勢資料探討 市場競爭下民眾對四大報紙信任程度的改變。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2013。1-85。
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