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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王懷德,2006,《購物用塑膠袋及免洗餐具限制使用政策制定之論證分析》,台北:政治大學公共行政學研究所碩士論文。
    2. 吳 定,2008,《公共政策》,台北:五南。
    3. 吳嘉娟,2007,《軍公教18%優惠存款制度之研究》,台北:臺灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文。
    4. 邱延正,1998,《菁英民主理論初探》,復興崗學報,第63期,頁133-147。
    5. 陳寶山,2001,《國民中小學校長遴聘政策執行之研究》,台北:臺灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文。
    Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張雯琪(2008)。公務人員退休所得合理化改革方案之研究-政策行銷的觀點。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2008。1-163。
    2. 湯惠如(2010)。中國城市中產階級發展之研究:以上海為例。淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班學位論文。2010。1-146。
    3. 林君潔(2011)。我國退休公務人員優惠存款制度變革過程之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2011。1-127。
    4. 何佳倫(2011)。我國公務人員退休制度評估之研究-以傷殘命令退休為例。政治大學公共行政研究所學位論文。2011。1-209。
    5. 藍夏瑩(2012)。臺灣軍公教優惠存款制度之政治經濟分析1958~2011。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2012。1-110。
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