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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李建良譯,Christian Starck著,憲法解釋,收於氏著,法學、憲法法院審判權與基本權利,2006年
    2. 李建良,試探大法官憲法解釋標的之實然與應然—以司法院釋字第五七六號解釋為中心,臺灣本土法學雜誌第59期,2004年6月
    3. 林三欽譯,Christian Starck著,基本權與私法,收於氏著,法學、憲法法院審判權與基本權利,2006年
    4. 翁岳生,我國釋憲制度之特徵與展望,收於司法院大法官釋憲五十週年紀念論文集,1999年
    5. 許宗力譯,Christian Starck著,基本權利的解釋與影響作用,收於氏著,法學、憲法法院審判權與基本權利,2006年
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 段陶喻(2013)。電視數位化之必載法律爭議。清華大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2013。1-125。 
    2. 王牧寰(2011)。美國有線電視法之節目取得與載送規則之研究。元智大學資訊社會學碩士學位學程學位論文。2011。1-242。 
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