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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 509 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江宜樺,自由主義、民族主義與國家認同,揚智文化事業股份有限公司,2000年4月。
  2. 林紀東,中華民國憲法逐條釋義(一),三民書局,1990年11月。
  3. 林家祺,政府採購法之救濟程序,五南圖書出版社,2002年3月。
  4. 陳奎德,海耶克,東大圖書股份有限公司,1999年6月。
  5. Immanuel Wallerstein著,彭淮棟譯,自由主義之後,聯經出版事業公司,2001年6月。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 趙唯辰(2013)。文化演進論觀點談教育改革。清華大學經濟學系學位論文。2013。1-47。 
  2. 洪冬力(2014)。通訊技術中介的都市焦慮:以台灣公用電話為核心的經驗。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2014。1-74。 
  3. 徐蘭萍(2010)。另案監聽所得證據之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2010。1-142。 
  4. 連孟琦(2005)。論監聽之證據使用禁止。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2005。1-158。 
  5. 黃和協(2004)。改良式當事人進行主義下檢察官對金融犯罪偵查方式之研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2004。1-200。 
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