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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 159 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 國際植物保護公約(1997年),行政院農業委員會動植物防疫檢疫局出版,2001年12月。
  2. 吳政勳(2007),「為蘭花舞出絢爛的一片天--臺灣蘭花生物科技園區委外營運分析」,台灣經濟研究月刊30 期,76-82頁,2007年1月。
  3. 林燦煌,胡金勝(2005),「台灣切花物流產業經營之關鍵成功因素與策略」,農業經營管理11期,35 – 62頁,2005年12月。
  4. 夏鑄九(2001),「全球化過程中台灣社會的挑戰—跨界的生產網絡vs.跨界的政治」,都市與計畫28:4,413 – 420頁,2001年12月。
  5. 彭作奎,蔡秉叡(2006),「企業價值決定因素之實證研究—以台灣蝴蝶蘭為例」,台灣銀行季刊57:4,91 – 139頁,2006年12月。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃正心(2012)。科技公司轉投資食用菌保健食品業商業模式之研究─以A公司為例。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2012。1-75。
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