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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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黃菊芳 , Ph.D  Advisor:黃志民;彭欽清  



Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 353 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 《清經世文編選錄》 臺灣銀行經濟研究室編 台北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室 1966
    2. 宋.陳彭年等重修 民國林尹校訂 《新校正切宋本廣韻》 台北:黎明文化事業股份有限公司 1976
    3. 清.王必昌纂修 《重修臺灣縣志》 台北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室 1961
    4. 清.周元文 《重修臺灣府志》 台北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室 1960
    5. 清.黃釗 《石窟一徵》 台北:臺灣學生書局 據清宣統元年重印本景印 1970
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 魏梅芳(2015)。當代客話散文用字與詞彙研究。屏東科技大學客家文化產業研究所學位論文。2015。1-133。 
    2. 林昭惠(2008)。玉珍漢書部《最新病子歌》研究。臺灣師範大學國文學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2008。1-186。
    3. 黃霈瑄(2015)。從接受美學視角看臺灣客家歌謠的現代傳承與女性形象再現。中央大學客家語文研究所學位論文。2015。1-172。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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