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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Arcidiacono and Nicholson S. (2005), “Peer effects in medical school”, Journal of Public Economics, 89 (2) :327–350.
    2. Bates, Andree, & Edwin, Bailey, (2003), “ Marketing to win market share-The role of doctor sentiment and benchmarking”, International Journal of Medical Marketing, 3(2): 145-152.
    3. Bayer, P., Pintoff, R., and Pozen, D. (2004), “Building criminal capital behind bars: Social learning in juvenile corrections”, Economic Growth Center Paper, No. 864, Yale University.
    4. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition.(1995), American Psychiatric Association, Washington, D.C.
    5. Epple, D., Romano, R.(1998), “Competition between private and public schools, vouchers, and peer group effects”, American Economic Review, 88:33–62.
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳建志(2015)。醫療院所特質與醫師特質對醫師選擇顱內動脈瘤治療術式的影響。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2015。1-69。 
    2. 林士超(2016)。中醫師處方行為影響因素之探討。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-51。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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