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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王菀禪(2008),從結構性赤字探討我國財政永續性問題,台北:台北大學財政學系碩士論文
    2. 余國燾譯,Keynes, John Neville 原著(1970),經濟學方法論,台北:台灣銀行經 濟研究室
    3. 林萬億(1991),社會工作擴散與本土化—概念與論題,社會工作學刊,創刊號,頁15-31
    4. 徐仁輝(2002),公共財務管理,三版,台北:智勝
    5. 黃世鑫、郭建中(2006),18%爭議之Q&A及合理改革之道,政策研究學報,第6期,頁19-50
    Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
    1. 洪菁珮(2009)。全球化下台灣財政的政治經濟分析,1950-2008。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2009。1-226。 
    2. 蔡美娜(2008)。中央政府財政資訊透明度之研究。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2008。1-164。 
    3. 王靖興(2006)。立法委員的立法問政與選區服務之分析:政黨輪替前後的持續與變遷。政治大學政治研究所學位論文。2006。1-135。
    4. 游憲廷(2009)。立法院預算審議之研究:2001-2008。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所學位論文。2009。1-332。
    5. 熊汪池(2009)。關稅人員知識管理認知對組織知識管理促動影響之研究。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-94。
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