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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王士峰(2003)。全球化與知識經濟對殯葬業經營管理之挑戰。兩岸「生命教
  2. 朱淑雅(1998)。國民小學教師評鑑校標之研究。國立台北師範學院國民教育
  3. 呂玉珍(2007)。教師專業發展評鑑之研究-以台中市為例。國?暨南國際大
  4. 李玉華(2002)。醫院評鑑對護理品質之影響。高雄醫學大學健康科學院公共
  5. 吳美麗(2001)。特殊教育評鑑方案之規劃與設計--以台北縣為例。國立臺
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪婉茹(2009)。台灣現代殯葬市場的浮現:企業與傳統葬儀社的制度鬥爭。臺灣大學社會學研究所學位論文。2009。1-218。 
  2. 劉子伶(2013)。旅館品牌形象和星級評鑑對購買意願之影響。高雄餐旅大學餐旅教育研究所在職專班學位論文。2013。1-93。
  3. 江得港(2016)。跨境電子商務交易稅課徵方式之探討。臺北大學會計學系學位論文。2016。1-57。
  4. 吳宣霆(2017)。產業創新條例對臺中市中區金融業發展之影響:政策工具觀點。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2017。1-153。
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