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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王仕圖(2003)。地區性非營利組織的網絡結構及其資源動員:以嘉義市立案之社會福利組織為例。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫(NSC 91-2412-H-343-004-SSS)。2008年3月15,取自
  2. 行政院研究發展考核委員會(2006)。國中小學生數位能力與數位學習機會調查報告。2007年12月9號,取自
  3. 李孟壕、曾淑芬(2005)。數位落差再定義與衡量指標之研究。資訊社會研究,9,89-124。
  4. 宋餘俠、劉士豪(2006)。發展永續經營之數位機會:拉拉山電子商務數位機會模式案例。研考雙月刊,30(1),47-57。
  5. 林怡秀(2004)。大專院校服務團隊之數位服務模式探討-服務學習觀點。中原大學資訊管理研究所碩士論文。全國博碩士論文資訊網,093CYCU5396039。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡昀庭(2013)。非營利組織建構多重利害關係人之協力關係研究-以中華數位人文關懷協會為例。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系學位論文。2013。1-285。
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