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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 138 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱瑞玲(1988)。〈中國人的社會互動:論面子問題〉。楊國樞(主編)。《中國人的心理》。台北:桂冠。
  2. 張宇樑、吳?椒譯 (2007)。《研究設計:質化,量化,與混合方法取向》。台北:學富。(原書Creswell, John W. [2004]. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Thousand Oaks,CA: Sage)
  3. 陳懷萱(2004)。〈漢語反問句的形式與意義分析〉。國立台灣師範大學華語文教學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 黃彥翔(2008)。〈搞關係,完面子:記者與消息來源衝突化解策略〉,《傳播與
  5. 葉方珣(2007)。〈新聞訪談之『語用技巧』分析以「前提」概念為例〉。國立政治大學新聞研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉伶伶(2011)。官方消息來源之模糊傳播研究-以馬英九總統受CNN訪談內容為例。政治大學傳播學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-164。
  2. 邱煜婷(2011)。當消息來源是最大廣告主:探討台灣房地產新聞背後傾斜的角力關係。政治大學新聞研究所學位論文。2011。1-106。
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