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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 140 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院主計處(2000)。戶口及住宅普查,行政院主計處。
  2. 行政院主計處(2002)。臺灣地區社會發展趨勢調查—家庭生活,行政院主計處。
  3. 行政院主計處(2003)。婦女婚育與就業調查報告,行政院主計處。
  4. 行政院主計處(2005)。臺灣地區社會發展趨勢調查—時間運用,行政院主計處。
  5. 行政院內政部(2002)。臺閩地區老人狀況調查摘要分析,行政院內政部。
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張梅芳(2011)。失能老人及主要照顧者社會支持系統之探討與建構。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2011。1-193。 
  2. 林金蘭(2012)。醫院住院病患之外籍看護照護能力評價及相關因素探討。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-85。 
  3. 莊敬(2016)。他們為何照顧長輩?─臺灣中壯年世代子女照顧父母的照顧社會秩序探討。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2016。1-197。 
  4. 胡竣凱(2015)。長期照顧財政制度之研究—以日本長期照護保險施行之經驗為借鏡。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-227。 
  5. 蔡雅竹(2014)。論我國長期照護雙法草案及其法律問題—兼論德國之長照保險制度。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2014。1-236。 
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