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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 146 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳瓊洳(1997)。《國中學生次級文化之研究》。碩士論文,國立高雄師範大學教育研究所。
  2. 陳紆芳(2004)。《大學生參與虛擬社群動機之研究-以台北市兩所師院為例》。碩士論文,台北教育大學教育與傳播研究所。
  3. 黃葳威(2005)。<網路分及系統語彙分析專案>。《財團法人台灣網站分級推廣基金會2005年委託專案報告》。台北:台灣愛鄰社區服務協會白絲帶工作站。
  4. 歐陽教(1995)。《教育哲學導論》。台北:文景。
  5. 簡茂發,何榮桂,張景媛(1998)。<國中學生價值觀量表編製報告>。《教育心理學報》,第30期:17-32。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳彥榕(2010)。誰是我的朋友?Z世代青少兒之社交關係初探。政治大學新聞研究所學位論文。2010。1-92。
  2. 張毓欣(2012)。青少年流行文化與創造性人格之相關研究。臺灣師範大學創造力發展碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-113。
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