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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王叢桂 (1998)。 三個世代大學畢業工作者的價值觀。臺北市:遠流。
  2. 方忠斌 (2001)。 國民中學教師對教師分級制度知覺之研究。國立臺北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  3. 林尹凡 (2001)。 我國國民中學教師分級制度之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  4. 席榮維 (2007)。 國民中小學校長工作價值觀、重要他人支持、自我效能感對其工作選擇的影響研究。國立政治大學教育系博士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  5. 陳美玉 (2002)。 教師個人知識管理與專業發展。臺北市:學富。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周立敏(2010)。桃園縣國民小學教師工作價值觀與組織承諾關聯性之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-161。
  2. 張永德(2011)。台北市師鐸獎教師生涯發展及其影響因素之研究。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-241。
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