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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尹曉萍(2007),〈監視性作業員工生理疲勞及工作負荷調查研究:保全業〉。臺北:國立陽明大學環境衛生研究所碩士論文。
  2. 江鈺涵(2007),〈金融服務業中員工組織變革知覺對離職傾向之關係研究-工作滿足感與工作壓力的中介效果〉。臺北:大同大學事業經營學系碩士論文。
  3. 林國清(2008),〈分局長工作負荷、滿足及壓力紓解之研究-以縣市警察局為例〉。臺北:國立政治大學行政管理碩士學程研究所碩士論文。
  4. 侯望倫(1984),〈工作壓力的實證研究-組織氣候角色特性人格特質與壓力症候的關係〉。臺北:國立政治大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 陳怡雯(2003),〈女性經理人之角色衝突與工作滿足關係之研究─以台北市之銀行業為例〉。臺北:大同大學事業經營學系碩士論文。
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