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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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郭俊賢 , Masters  Advisor:王千維;王文杰  



Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 3.王文杰,嬗變中之中國大陸法制,2004年12月。
    2. 27.經濟部智慧財產局編,專利法逐條釋義,經濟部智慧財產局發行,2008年8月。
    3. 30.謝銘洋,智慧財產權與公平交易法之關係-以專利權為中心,收錄氏著,智慧財產權之基礎理論,2001年6月3版。
    4. 17.李森堙,回歸修理/再製造判準?談日本最高裁インクタンク事件判決,科技法律透析,2002年第1期。
    5. 18.李森堙,專利商品回收再利用的侵權問題-談日本墨水匣事件判決,科技法律透析,2002年第12期。
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