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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 167 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王怡舜、湯宗益、湯宗泰(2002)。電子商務之服務品質衡量模式—以數位行銷為例。中華管理學報,3(3),75-94。
  2. 馬慧君、施教裕(1998)。志願服務工作者參與類型之初探—以埔里五個團體的志工為例。社會政策與社會工作學刊,2(1),157-192。
  3. 黃丞傑(2005)。臺北縣國民小學學校志工參與動機與工作投入關係之研究。
  4. 詹麗珊(2003)。國立科學工藝博物館志工參與動機之研究。科技博物,7(4),87-103。
  5. 劉靜怡(2003)。宜蘭縣國民中小學退休教師人力運用及輔導現況之硏究。國立臺灣師範大學教育硏究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡杏慧(2017)。地方政府運用退休公務人力之研究—以新北市政府為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2017。1-147。 
  2. 賴玉情(2012)。參與志願服務的動機、障礙與意願之關係研究─以桃園縣國民小學教師為例。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2012。1-149。
  3. 林佳慈(2015)。員工協助方案使用意向之探討-以勞工保險局員工為例。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2015。1-105。
  4. 張靜如(2016)。高齡女性志工服務之轉化學習研究。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2016。1-126。
  5. 謝薇瑩(2017)。應用解構式計畫行為理論探討穿戴式裝置使用意圖之影響因素-以Apple Watch為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2017。1-129。
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